Position Papers https://eurecca.eu/ en Occurrence Reporting for Cabin Crew https://eurecca.eu/post/occurrence-reporting-cabin-crew <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Occurrence Reporting for Cabin Crew</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2022-03/EURECCA_IMG.PNG"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-03/EURECCA_IMG.PNG?itok=TPawDcaW" width="1110" height="600" alt="EurECCA Image" title="Occurrence Reporting for Cabin Crew" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 03/28/2022 - 12:59</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-subheader field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>In order to maintain a high-level of safety standards it is crucial to identify and analyze all occurrences during the different phases of an operated flight.</p> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><strong>Occurrence Reporting for Cabin Crew</strong></p> <p>The aviation industry relies on many technical and non-technical assets to guarantee the highest standards of flight safety. In recent years overall traffic has increased rapidly, leading to more operated flights which in turn means the risk of occurrences or even fatal incidents has increased.</p> <p>In order to maintain a high-level of safety standards it is crucial to identify and analyze all occurrences during the different phases of an operated flight. Focusing on these occurrences will help the aviation industry to be proactive instead of reactive.<a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftn1" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref1" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref1">[1]</a> Derived from this need the EU has created Regulation (EU) No 376/2014<a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftn2" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref2" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref2">[2]</a> on the reporting, analysis and follow-up of occurrences in civil aviation.</p> <p>Article 4(6) of the Regulation (EU) No 376/2014 defines the scope of natural persons who have the obligation to report occurrences listed in Article 4(1).  In addition, the European Commission implements Regulation (EU) No 2015/1018<a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftn3" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref3" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref3">[3]</a> which further divides the categories of reported occurrences. Currently cabin crew are not specifically mentioned in the mandatory reporting system and therefore have no possibility to report occurrences via ECCAIRS (European Coordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems).</p> <p>In addition to all mentioned natural persons, cabin crew also fulfill several highly relevant safety tasks before, during and after a flight to ensure a safe operation. Under Annex I paragraph 4 of Regulation (EU) No 2015/1018 the listed examples of emergencies and other critical situations are directly referring to cabin crew and describing cases where reporting is mandatory.</p> <p>Furthermore, there is a clear differentiation between more technical/procedural and personal occurrences relating to cabin crew such as fatigue or incapacitation as a result of medical reasons or constantly working under pressure.</p> <p>EurECCA therefore calls the European Commission to amend the Regulation (EU) No 376/2014 adding cabin crew to the list of natural persons who are obliged to report occurrences according to official reporting systems such as ECCAIRS. Only if all relevant groups, including cabin crew, are in the reporting systems, will the collection and analysis of data be robust enough to improve safety, technological developments and amendments in the current civil aviation legal framework.</p> <p>In addition, EurECCA wants to highlight the link<a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftn4" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref4" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref4">[4]</a> to Framework Directive 89/391/EEC<a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftn5" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref5" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref5">[5]</a> on health and safety at work that is currently not applicable for in-flight workplaces. Excluding cabin crew from Regulation (EU) 376/2014 and not having an individual Directive for in-flight workplaces could lead to serious consequences:</p> <ul> <li>Increased impact on the physical and mental health of cabin crew through the artificial environment on board and the economic pressure to maximize the productivity, as there are no minimum rules defined in the OH&amp;S framework.</li> <li>Lack of data in occurrence reporting as there is no mandatory reporting for cabin crew. National or European authorities are therefore not able to take countermeasures derived from the incidents and accidents which have occurred.</li> </ul> <p>EurECCA encourages the European Commission to integrate cabin crew into Regulation (EU) 376/2014 to enable ECCAIRS to submit these vital occurrence reports.</p> <p><strong>EurECCA represents, protects and develops the rights and needs of all cabin crew all over Europe</strong></p> <p><a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref1" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn1" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn1">[1]</a> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://aviationreporting.eu/en/report-occurrence&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1648549175707000&amp;usg=AOvVaw3dJnKRnS6TjIIGpyvd_XF5" href="https://aviationreporting.eu/en/report-occurrence" target="_blank">ECCAIRS 2 Central Hub | Why Safety Reporting (aviationreporting.eu)</a></p> <p><a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref2" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn2" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn2">[2]</a> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri%3Dcelex%253A32014R0376&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1648549175707000&amp;usg=AOvVaw2GPJN9ZJp75O2mVZ0Iml6q" href="https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32014R0376" target="_blank">EUR-Lex - 32014R0376 - EN - EUR-Lex (europa.eu)</a></p> <p><a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref3" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn3" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn3">[3]</a> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri%3DCELEX%253A32015R1018&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1648549175707000&amp;usg=AOvVaw0WY1UVoTi1Bp7DSMu1bY9R" href="https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32015R1018" target="_blank">EUR-Lex - 32015R1018 - EN - EUR-Lex (europa.eu)</a></p> <p><a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref4" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn4" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn4">[4]</a> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://eurecca.eu/post/cabin-crew-legal-framework&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1648549175707000&amp;usg=AOvVaw17Tq83Ed30q67f4aqOjj8o" href="https://eurecca.eu/post/cabin-crew-legal-framework" target="_blank">Cabin Crew Legal Framework | EurECCA</a></p> <p><a href="https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#m_-8213564878612358127__ftnref5" name="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn5" id="m_-8213564878612358127__ftn5">[5]</a> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri%3Dcelex%253A31989L0391&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1648549175707000&amp;usg=AOvVaw2NgSDtIpKetPU7bd2JIkLf" href="https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex%3A31989L0391" target="_blank">EUR-Lex - 31989L0391 - EN - EUR-Lex (europa.eu)</a></p> <p>About EurECCA: established in Brussels in 2014, the European Cabin Crew Association, EurECCA, represents, protects and develops the rights and needs of cabin crew all over Europe. It is composed of cabin crew unions from European Union Member States as well as accession and bordering states and represents some 33,000 cabin crew accounting for 70% of all organized cabin crew in Europe. EurECCA has no political connections. EurECCA’s work is around Cabin Crew working conditions, wages, social protection and health and safety at work.</p> <p>EurECCA European Cabin Crew Association AISBL                         <wbr></wbr>                              <wbr></wbr>                         </p> <p>Rue du Commerce 20-22                         <wbr></wbr>                              <wbr></wbr>                              <wbr></wbr>                              <wbr></wbr>                 <a href="mailto:contact@eurecca.eu" target="_blank">c</a></p> <p>1000 Brussels, Belgium</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.eurecca.eu/&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1648549175707000&amp;usg=AOvVaw03LVNsi0vm54WMCA8vlEiT" href="http://www.eurecca.eu/" target="_blank">www.eurecca.eu</a></p> <p><a href="mailto:contact@eurecca.eu" target="_blank">contact@eurecca.eu</a></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/health-safety" hreflang="en">Health &amp; Safety</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2022-03/EurECCA%20Position%20Paper%20on%20Reporting%20of%20Occurrence%20for%20Cabin%20Crew.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=135512">EurECCA Position Paper on Reporting of Occurrence for Cabin Crew.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Mon, 28 Mar 2022 10:59:42 +0000 EurECCA 227 at https://eurecca.eu EASA Report on Flight Safety Risks from Socio-economic Factors - A new perspective for the upcoming years https://eurecca.eu/post/easa-report-flight-safety-risks-socio-economic-factors-new-perspective-upcoming-years <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">EASA Report on Flight Safety Risks from Socio-economic Factors - A new perspective for the upcoming years</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2022-02/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0_2.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-02/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0_2.jpg?itok=MkWamoI1" width="1110" height="600" alt="EurECCA Image" title="EASA Report on Flight Safety Risks from Socio-economic Factors" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">addm1n</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 02/18/2022 - 17:39</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><strong>EASA Report on Flight Safety Risks from Socio-economic Factors -</strong></p> <p><strong>A new perspective for the upcoming years.</strong></p> <p>In 2018, the European Parliament and the Council voted to assign the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to <em>“address socioeconomic risks to aviation safety”</em> as established in Article 89 of EASA’s new Basic Regulation and mandate EASA to provide a report every three years on the “actions and measures undertaken” to address the “interdependencies” between aviation safety and socio-economic factors.</p> <p><strong><em>EASA Basic Regulation 2018/1139, 4 July 2018</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Article 89 – Interdependencies between civil aviation safety and socioeconomic factors </em></strong><em> </em></p> <ol> <li><em>The Commission, the Agency, other Union institutions bodies, offices and agencies and the Member States, shall, within their respective fields of competence, cooperate with a view to ensuring that interdependencies between civil aviation safety and related socioeconomic factors are taken into account including in regulatory procedures, oversight and implementation of just culture as defined in Article 2 of Regulation (EU) No 376/2014, to address socioeconomic risks to aviation safety.</em></li> </ol> <ol> <li><em>The Agency shall consult relevant stakeholders when addressing such interdependencies.</em></li> </ol> <ol> <li><em>The Agency shall, every three years, publish a review, which shall give an objective account of the actions and measures undertaken, in particular those addressing the interdependencies between civil aviation safety and socioeconomic factors.</em></li> </ol> <p>This mandate also requires EASA to take specific action, to identify, analyze, and mitigate socio-economic safety hazards in particular those directly linked with the new business models and aircrews’ atypical forms of employment such as “bogus” self-employment, fixed-term work, work via temporary work agencies/broker agencies, zero-hour contracts and pay-to-fly schemes.</p> <p>Despite the precise mandate assigned to EASA, EurECCA encourages the agency with the participation of all cabin crew associations to adopt appropriate strategies or actions to give its new mandate a meaningful life over the next three years.</p> <p>In this first report published on 09 December 2021, EASA does not take into account different scientific studies such as <em>Ghent University study (2015), LSE-Eurocontrol study (2016), Göteborgs/Karolinska Institute (2018)</em> and concludes with evasive arguments by opposing perception to real facts.</p> <ul> <li><em>Discussion on potential safety impacts</em></li> </ul> <p><em>When addressing the potential safety implications of employment and working conditions, we are facing an apparent contradiction between perception and facts:</em></p> <ul> <li><em>on one hand Air Crew associations have repeatedly raised concerns about the potential safety implication of “atypical” forms of employment, this perception being claimed by the 3 above-mentioned studies;</em></li> <li><em>on the other hand, safety records and safety reports available to the Agency do not show any correlation between the forms of contracts used by a given airline and the safety records of that airline.</em></li> </ul> <p>EurECCA considers that the lack of safety reports is directly linked with the atypical forms of employment as some cabin crew may be afraid to file a fatigue report or declare “unfit to fly” or any other safety relevant human “perception” by the simple risk to be sacked. This is why it seems inappropriate to oppose human “perception” to fact data’s recorded as some are directly linked with human’s perception and feedback.</p> <p>EurECCA requests an immediate development by EASA of some priorities tools such as Confidential Safety Reporting (CSR) to identify and investigate safety issues, particularly those relating to airline's business models using working contracts as atypical forms of employment. As a matter of fact, low-cost carriers’ safety reportings are lower than legacy carriers due to the risks of negative consequences of cabin crew contractual labour relationship and such operational safety decision report occurrences for fatigue, sickness, over hours, etc. will hardly be filed.</p> <p>EurECCA is convinced that these differences in safety reporting levels between legacy carriers and low-cost carriers is directly link with the atypical form of employment and the ways they are collected and published.</p> <p>EurECCA asks the Agency to fulfill its Art. 89 mandate by taking concrete action and put it up to its priority list. This is especially true given the significant socio-economic changes brought by the COVID-19 sanitary crisis in terms of employment and working conditions.</p> <p><strong>EurECCA represents, protects and develops the rights and needs of all cabin crew all over Europe</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><em>About EurECCA: established in Brussels in 2014, the European Cabin Crew Association, EurECCA, represents, protects and develops the rights and needs of cabin crew all over Europe. It is composed of cabin crew unions from European Union Member States as well as accession and bordering states and represents some 33,000 cabin crew accounting for 70% of all organized cabin crew in Europe. EurECCA has no political connections. EurECCA’s work is around Cabin Crew working conditions, wages, social protection and health and safety at work.</em></p> <p>EurECCA European Cabin Crew Association AISBL                         <wbr></wbr>                        <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.eurecca.eu/&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1645624725354000&amp;usg=AOvVaw1UKk3vQPz0kE6E9jFvMgZa" href="http://www.eurecca.eu/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">www.<wbr></wbr>eurecca.eu</a></p> <p>Rue du Commerce 20-22                         <wbr></wbr>                              <wbr></wbr>                             <a href="mailto:contact@eurecca.eu" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">c<wbr></wbr>ontact@eurecca.eu</a></p> <p>1000 Brussels, Belgium</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2022-02/EurECCA%20Position%20paper%20on%20EASA%20Report%20on%20Flight%20Safety%20Risks%20from%20Socio-economic%20Factors%20Art.89%20%281%29.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=440596">EurECCA Position paper on EASA Report on Flight Safety Risks from Socio-economic Factors Art.89 (1).pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Fri, 18 Feb 2022 16:39:16 +0000 addm1n 224 at https://eurecca.eu Work through intermediaries / Temporary agencies for aircrews https://eurecca.eu/post/work-through-intermediaries-temporary-agencies-aircrews <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Work through intermediaries / Temporary agencies for aircrews</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-12/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0_0.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-12/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0_0.jpg?itok=7cuCzgwG" width="1110" height="600" alt="Work through intermediaries / Temporary agencies for aircrews" title="Work through intermediaries / Temporary agencies for aircrews" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 12/16/2021 - 10:06</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The use of temporary working agencies or intermediaries for aircrews highlights real dysfunctions in the application of the various European regulations legal framework on the applicable law, the legal jurisdiction competency, the coordination of social security systems and the posting of workers Directive 96/71/EC of 16 December 1996.</p> <p>Recent developments in the aviation sector such as an increase in competition have had an impact on the aircrew workforce, in particular through the development of atypical forms of employment.</p> <p>These atypical forms of aircrew employment were an exception not so long ago, and is now quickly spreading across all sections of the aviation industry, from low-cost carriers to legacy carriers.</p> <p>Some airlines have implemented practices (such as hiring cabin crew through intermediaries or as self-employed or so-called "pay-to-fly" employees) which have an impact on the working and employment conditions of cabin crew and can give rise to legal uncertainty.</p> <p>Cabin crews working for low-cost carriers (LCCs) are the most affected. In fact, LCCs are the biggest "users" of atypical employment through intermediaries/Temporary agencies.</p> <p>The impact of such precarious forms of employment is many and varied, ranging from lower social and working conditions for crew, unfair competitive pressures. Also has led to legal uncertainties and the potential to disrupt the level playing field between airlines.</p> <p>Some “unscrupulous” companies or even some Member States take advantage of this “patchwork” of regulations and their lack of precision and control by a competent authority to optimize their productivity gains and thus reduce their operating costs, to the detriment of aircrews, with the consequence to find themselves in precarious employment conditions. "Such employment schemes” monitored by the temporary working agencies encourage both social dumping and unfair competition.</p> <p>The employment of cabin crews by temporary working agencies mainly used by low-cost airlines seems to be one of the ideal tools to circumvent the European regulations in force thanks to various possible interpretations under the pretext of a lack of clarification and control and a lack of harmonization on such topic and definition between the different Member States. For example, the use of employment through intermediaries sometimes makes it difficult for aircrew to identify their employer and establish the applicable law. They may benefit from different rights and protection levels according to the national legislation that applies to them.</p> <p>Greater clarification in the enforcement of these rules to complex situations will improve legal certainty for workers and employers in the sector. It will also improve the implementation of EU and national rules by national authorities and courts. In order to provide urgent solutions to such dysfunctions, EurECCA calls for:</p> <p>A/ Reinforcement of the applicable law and a strict respect of the principle "in which, falling that from which" as defined in Regulation 593/2008/EC;</p> <p>B/ Harmonization and application of the Regulation on the posting of workers for aircrews according to 5 criteria’s (as described in the report: “The application of the EU posting rules to aircrew” by Van Olmen &amp; Wynant in 2019):</p> <ol> <li>The posted aircrew worker has an employment relationship;</li> <li>The posting falls within the framework of Article 1.3 of the Posting of Workers Directive;</li> <li>The aircrew is posted under a temporary assignment;</li> <li>The posted aircrew is assigned to a secondary base in a Member State other than where he/she has his/her home base;</li> <li>The aircrew is supposed to return to the home base at the end of the posting and with the application of the hard cores rules of the hosting Member States:</li> </ol> <p>               a. Maximum work periods and minimum rest periods;</p> <p>               b. Minimum paid annual holidays;</p> <p>               c. The minimum rates of pay, including overtime rates; this point does not apply to supplementary occupational retirement pension schemes;</p> <p>               d. The conditions of hiring-out of workers, in particular the supply of workers by temporary employment undertakings;</p> <p>               e. Health, safety and hygiene at work;</p> <p>               f. Protective measures with regard to the terms and conditions of employment of pregnant women or women who have recently given birth, of                        children and of young people;</p> <p>               g. Equality of treatment between men and women and other provisions on non-discrimination.</p> <p>C/ Publication of clear guidelines for the aviation sector in order to avoid the important problem of legal uncertainty with the result as the posting rules are not often applicable for aircrews.</p> <p>D/ Given the transnational nature of air transport, the sector is especially exposed to potential non-compliance with applicable law and misapplication of EU legislation, principally because both capital (aircraft) and labour (aircrew) are highly mobile. Highly mobile aircrews moving from different « Home Base » between members states in very short time must be clearly defined as for the time being the posting rules do not apply to them. This leads to a precarious working situation as the lack of clear connection to the Member State lets the choice of the applicable law chosen/ imposed by the parties or the applicable law of the place of hiring. The difficulty is to prove a close link between aircrews and the other Member state. In that case, it is still difficult to apply the protections rules as described in Chapter 1, art. 8 of Rome 1 Regulation with the consequence that the applicable legislation would be the place of hiring.</p> <p>E/ Reinforcement of the European Labour Authority with which still not covers the aviation industry since its establishment in 2019. In fact, discrepancies between EU Member States - in terms of legislation, inspections and supervision - not only put pressure on airline employees, but also obstruct the level playing field for airlines in Europe.</p> <p>EurECCA asks for:</p> <ol> <li>Enforcement agencies at the national level (e.g., labour inspectorates, the courts, and tax and civil aviation authorities);</li> <li>Cross-border co-operation between the Member State where an airline registers its principal place of business and the Member States where the same airline operates multiple (‘home’) bases for aircrew;</li> <li>Pan-European agencies such as the European Commission, Eurojust, Europol and the European Labour Authority;</li> <li>Social partners involvement at the national and European levels.</li> </ol> <p>This lack of control at the European level allows some Temporary Working Agencies to use self-employed or bogus self-employed cabin crew which do not fall under the posting rules and also escape the scope of employment law in general. This could easily be addressed if national civil aviation authorities and labour inspectorates intensified their activities and cooperated both nationally and transnationally.</p> <p>As a conclusion, “social dumping” occurs ‘when EU airlines organize employment models, terms of employment, and company structures to take advantage of differences between the rules of Member States, including the implementation, understanding, and administration of the EU regulatory framework, meaning that it can be described more accurately as “rule shopping”</p> <p>According to EurECCA, it is therefore necessary to ban this form of atypical employment and establish direct employment as the norm.</p> <p class="text-align-center"><strong>EurECCA represents, protects and develops the rights and needs of cabin crew all over Europe</strong></p> <p><em>About EurECCA: established in Brussels in 2014, the European Cabin Crew Association, EurECCA, represents, protects and develops the rights and needs of cabin crew all over Europe. It is composed of cabin crew unions from European Union Member States as well as accession and bordering states, and represents some 33,000 cabin crew accounting for 70% of all organised cabin crew in Europe. EurECCA has no political connections. EurECCA’s work is mainly around cabin crew and passenger safety and cabin crew health and work and living conditions.</em></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-12/EurECCA%20Position%20Paper%20Work%20through%20Intermediaries-Temporary%20Agencies%20for%20Cabin%20Crew.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=291603">EurECCA Position Paper Work through Intermediaries-Temporary Agencies for Cabin Crew.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Thu, 16 Dec 2021 09:06:15 +0000 EurECCA 218 at https://eurecca.eu Contribution of EurECCA to the European Commission call for evidence for an impact assessment on air services regulation https://eurecca.eu/post/contribution-eurecca-european-commission-call-evidence-impact-assessment-air-services <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Contribution of EurECCA to the European Commission call for evidence for an impact assessment on air services regulation</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-12/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-12/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0.jpg?itok=l_XVQhhB" width="1110" height="600" alt="Contribution of EurECCA to the European Commission" title="Contribution of EurECCA to the European Commission" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Tue, 12/07/2021 - 09:41</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>EurECCA welcomes the Commission's call for consultation to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the aviation sector as part of the review process of Regulation (EC) 1008/2008.</p> <p>The health crisis has highlighted the fragility of the aviation sector in particular the lack of social protection for the aviation workers with a consequent significant risk to the stability and ability of the aviation industry itself to recover from such an event with a consequent profound deterioration in socio-economic factors and working conditions especially for the socially weaker workers such as the cabin crew.</p> <p> </p> <p>The European Commission has put a lot of efforts in the attempt to coordinate the Member States, especially during the pandemic crisis, however the lack of common rules and oversight has led to different measures in different member states and this is the case also when it comes to implement all social rules.</p> <p>There is the urgency and necessity of including appropriate and proportionate effective measures to face the current recovery and to be prepared in case of future crisis.</p> <p> </p> <p>EurECCA believes that within the impact assessment of the Air Services Regulation it would be beneficial to consider the implementation of a workplace directive as well as the revision of the working time directive for air crew, which currently lacks of occupational health and safety oversight.</p> <p> </p> <p>The lack of specific EU directives covering OH&amp;S for aviation workers at EU level is contributing to expose all of them, especially the cabin crew that we proudly represent, who have to work within some soft rules/recommendations or just under company risk assessments generally with no oversight.</p> <p> </p> <p>The ongoing lack of specific directive covering the occupational health and safety of the aviation workers is contrary to one of the basic principle of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union -Article 153- which establishes that the EU shall support and complement the activities of the Member States and encourage legal acts such as Directives and minimum requirements for gradual implementation in the field of safety and health at work for all type of workplaces.</p> <p> </p> <p>When it comes to Airplanes, however there is no workplace directive yet and almost all Member States haven’t laid down minimum requirements for safety and health on the airplanes and consequently oversight is still almost impossible.</p> <p> </p> <p>The European Commission's new regulation must take into account high social standards as set out in its Communication of 1 March 2019 in order to ensure the principles of socially responsible behavior and thus encourage airlines to respect the same social standards avoiding unfair competition and social dumping in Europe<b>.</b></p> <p> </p> <p><b>A/ Operational Base</b></p> <p>For EurECCA, this new regulation must also introduce a legal framework including a definition of the « Operational Base » which only refers to the free movement of establishment defined by Article 54 of the EU Treaty as:</p> <p><i>Companies or firms formed in accordance with the law of a Member State and having their registered office, central administration or principal place of business within the Union shall, for the purposes of this Chapter, be treated in the same way as natural persons who are nationals of Member States.</i></p> <p><i></i>In this regulation, « Operational Base » definition must also be linked with a legal clarification relating to a secondary place of establishment, as the free movement of establishment allows that the main activities are not performed in the State in which it has its registered office.</p> <p>Moreover Directive 2006/123 highlights the importance of making such difference in recital §77: <i>Where an operator travels to another Member State to exercise a service activity there, a distinction should be made between situations covered by the freedom of establishment and those covered, due to the temporary nature of the activities concerned, by the free movement of services. As regards the distinction between the freedom of establishment and the free movement of services, according to the case law of the Court of Justice the key element is whether or not the operator is established in the Member State where it provides the service concerned. If the operator is established in the Member State where it provides its services, it should come under the scope of application of the freedom of establishment. If, by contrast, the operator is not established in the Member State where the service is provided, its activities should be covered by the free movement of services.”</i><i></i></p> <p><i></i></p> <p><i></i>This legal framework will put an end to any « legislation shopping » and « fiscal optimisation » as regards national applicable legislation and national legal competency. As a consequence, this will have the benefit to avoid social dumping and unfair competition<b>.</b></p> <p> </p> <p><b>B/ Wet-leasing and ACMI</b></p> <p>EurECCA asks for a revision of the Wet-leasing and ACMI introducing clarification and binding restrictions as this practice translates into lower terms and conditions for aircrew across the industry and gives a boost to atypical employment schemes.</p> <p>This development has – naturally – caught legislators off guard. EU Regulation 1008/2008 Article 13 prescribes that intra-EU wet-leases can be used without a limit in time as long as they are deemed safe. But there are neither necessary related social protections for employees, nor further considerations of the potential safety aspects of such semi-permanent use of wet-lease.</p> <p> </p> <p>While indeed both the lessor (i.e. operator providing aircraft &amp; crew) and the lessee (i.e. operator receiving aircraft &amp; crew) are subject to EU/EASA rules, in practice, implementation, interpretation and enforcement vary from one EU Member State to another. The ability to oversee and scrutinize such complex operations also differs significantly from country to country, not least due to an increasing lack of resources in certain national aviation authorities. Particularly worrying is the ability of smaller authorities to oversee complex operations with long and unclear subcontracting chains (including big ACMI operators subcontracting operations themselves to smaller ones).</p> <p> </p> <p>EurECCA also asks for a clarification when it comes to justify the use of wet leasing and ACMI agreements in relation with the EU-UK Trade and cooperation agreement as long as it affects the protection of the public interest, in relation to social policy objectives.</p> <p><i>Trade and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the one part, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the other part</i><i>.</i></p> <p><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i>ARTICLE 429 Commercial operations</i><i> :</i></p> <p><i>…</i></p> <p><i>7. As regards leasing:</i></p> <p><i>(a) the Parties shall grant each other the right for their air carriers to provide air transport services in accordance with Article 419 in all the following ways:</i></p> <p><i>(i) using aircraft leased without crew from any lessor;</i></p> <p><i>(ii) in the case of air carriers of the United Kingdom, using aircraft leased with crew from other air carriers of the Parties;</i></p> <p><i>(iii) in the case of air carriers of the Union, using aircraft leased with crew from other air carriers of the Union;</i></p> <p><i>(iv) using aircraft leased with crew from air carriers other than those referred to in points (ii) and (iii), respectively, provided that the leasing is justified on the basis of exceptional needs, seasonal capacity needs or operational difficulties of the lessee, and the leasing does not exceed the duration which is strictly necessary to fulfil those needs or overcome those difficulties;</i></p> <p><i>(b) the Parties may require leasing arrangements to be approved by their competent authorities for the purpose of verifying compliance with the conditions set out in this paragraph and with the applicable safety and security requirements;</i></p> <p><i>(c) however, where a Party requires such approval, it shall endeavour to expedite the approval procedures and minimise the administrative burden on the air carriers concerned;</i></p> <p><i>(d) the provisions of this paragraph are without prejudice to the laws and regulations of a Party as regards the leasing of aircraft by air carriers of that Party.</i></p> <p><i> </i></p> <p>According to EurECCA, these restrictions must be clarified to protect public health and social policy objectives.</p> <p> </p> <p><b>C/ Cross-border coordination</b></p> <p>Enforcement and cross-border coordination should be in the heart of the revised regulation. It is imperative that authorities work together in order to ensure that inspections are carried out also for carriers that are under the jurisdiction of one Member State, but mostly operating into, or within, another Member State. EurECCA believes that the European Labour Authority could play a crucial role in coordinating and supporting the enforcement of EU social law in the aviation sector.</p> <p><b> </b></p> <p><b>D/ Ownership and Control (O&amp;C)</b></p> <p>The Commission also considers revising the current ownership and control (O&amp;C) rules. This revision should ensure that it truly analyses all potential effects that the different policy options under consideration on O&amp;C rules might have. It is essential that the rules continue to ensure the competitiveness of European airlines – also with regard to unfair competition by subsidized non-EU airlines - and the connectivity and employment that these airlines provide European society with.</p> <p><b> </b></p> <p><b>E/</b> <b>Atypical forms of employment</b></p> <p>Atypical forms of employment as pay to fly, temporary agency employment, self-employment and bogus self-employment, zero-hour contracts must also be banned as it endangers flight safety operations as described by EASA in its guide called "Practical Guide New Business Models Hazards Mgt" published in August 2017 in which it underlines the links and the risks between socioeconomic aspects of such aircrew employment and flight safety.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-12/Contribution%20of%20EurECCA%20to%20the%20European%20Commission%20call%20for%20evidence%20for%20an%20impact%20assessment%20on%20air%20services%20regulation%20%281%29.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=380223">Contribution of EurECCA to the European Commission call for evidence for an impact assessment on air services regulation (1).pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Tue, 07 Dec 2021 08:41:12 +0000 EurECCA 217 at https://eurecca.eu Answer of EASA to EurECCA's letter regarding the UK Cabin Crew Attestation in accordance with the European regulatory requirements in force https://eurecca.eu/post/answer-easa-eureccas-letter-regarding-uk-cabin-crew-attestation-accordance-european-0 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Answer of EASA to EurECCA&#039;s letter regarding the UK Cabin Crew Attestation in accordance with the European regulatory requirements in force</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-11/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-11/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0.jpg?itok=NYTvHPr-" width="1110" height="600" alt="European cabin crew attestation" title="European cabin crew attestation" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/17/2021 - 14:21</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Patrick Ky Executive Director</p> <p>European Aviation Safety Agency</p> <p>Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3</p> <p>D-50688 Köln</p> <p>Germany</p> <p> </p> <p>EurECCA</p> <p>European Cabin Crew Association Rue du Commerce 20-22</p> <p>B-1000 Bruxelles Belgium</p> <p>Per email only: patrick.ky@easa.europa.eu</p> <p> </p> <p>Brussels, 11/11/2021</p> <p>Subject: <strong>European cabin crew attestation</strong></p> <p> </p> <p>Dear Mr Ky,</p> <p> </p> <p>Thank you for your reply dated 07/09/2021 regarding the status of UK issued cabin crew attestations.</p> <p>It turns out that cabin crew based in France holding a UK CCA, issued before 01/01/2016, are no longer recognized by the French DGAC and are no longer allowed to fly since 01/11/2021 while these same Cabin Crews have fulfilled with the operator specific training and checking in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 and also demonstrate medical fitness before undertaking flight duties with an EU operator.</p> <p> </p> <p> According to the French DGAC, these Cabin Crews have to retake a CCA training and exam in order to get their attestation back while they have been flying since brexit became official on 01/01/2021.</p> <p> </p> <p>The French DGAC had no information to give them at the beginning of 2021 and the operators continued to let them fly as cabin crews.</p> <p> </p> <p>EurECCA asks EASA to intervene with the French DGAC in order to lift this date of 01/01/2016 which would correspond to the 60 months of validation of the CCA without flying what is not the case of these Cabin Crew.</p> <p> </p> <p>Thank you in advance for your interest in our request.</p> <p> </p> <p>We remain at your disposal in case you have any questions or require more information.</p> <p>Kind regards,</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-11/EurECCA%20Letter%20to%20Patrick%20Ky%20on%20European%20Cabin%20Crew%20Attestation..pdf" type="application/pdf; length=144312">EurECCA Letter to Patrick Ky on European Cabin Crew Attestation..pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Wed, 17 Nov 2021 13:21:49 +0000 EurECCA 216 at https://eurecca.eu EurECCA Annual Conference 2021 https://eurecca.eu/post/eurecca-annual-conference-2021 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden"> EurECCA Annual Conference 2021</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-11/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-11/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1.jpg?itok=F9qlhaxU" width="1110" height="600" alt="EurECCA CONFERENCE 2021" title="EurECCA CONFERENCE 2021" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/17/2021 - 14:14</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-subheader field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Over the past 2 years, we have been witnessing a deterioration of working conditions, including wages in the aviation sector, with Covid being the perfect cause that the Companies were so eager to more or less aggressively resize our status within the sector.</p> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>With Covid's argument, we have seen the departure of many colleagues, being this, the most punished professional class in the aviation sector leading even to the disappearance of historical companies from the European framework.</p> <p>However, and despite our awareness of the current instability in the sector, the first signs of recovery are appearing in a more consistent way, and we believe that Companies, States and public opinion in general should understand that the crewmembers and their families have done everything in their power as high economic efforts to help the Companies to survive this pandemic and recover as the market allows.</p> <p>EurECCA cannot accept that the once ambassadors of the Companies, who play an important role not only at a commercial level but also in the safety and viability of the operation, be marginalised and above all held responsible for the deficient financial health of the airlines.</p> <p>There is a social responsibility of the Companies and Member States towards the workers of the sector with regard to their serious management acts, which for years have been disguised and which led to the current situation of many Companies.</p> <p>In parallel, the Member States, as well as the European Union itself, cannot condone unfair competition in the internal market, with yet another harmful tool such as the regime for the provision of services. This type of contracting should be stopped immediately as it does not serve our professional category, and will certainly lead to a short term degradation of the class, ending certain human and social factors, extinguishing jobs.</p> <p>The competent authorities must be supervised so as to put an end to the signing of collective agreements with anti-constitutional clauses, calling into question all the efforts that the crewmembers of other companies have made to ensure their survival.</p> <p>EurECCA considers it essential that there is greater supervision by the European Union, thus creating a more restrictive regulation that does not allow the successive tax infringements, standardising the laws and consequently not further deteriorating our category. Another concern, which was well expressed in this conference by its members, is the fact that European Companies are subject to competition from Companies that, despite operating in Europe, are not subject to the same competition rules, harming once more the Companies that comply with the rules, and an example of this is the Companies that clearly and directly receive State aid.</p> <p>Another sensitive issue that has been worrying EurECCA is the legislation on the European Green Deal, and especially the repercussions that it may cause in the industry, such as the costs attributed to the Companies and its consequences, which may again be the crew members paying for them.</p> <p>The SNPVAC alerted to the fact that certain companies such as TAP, which has already made a huge investment by contracting several neo aircraft, cannot be harmed now because they have already adhered to the new aeronautical technology that will certainly be the near future of aviation.</p> <p>In recent years, we have also seen a deterioration of our working conditions in the aircraft themselves . galleys have been shrinking more and more, mobile crew rests have been removed, service concept have been adjusted, everything in order to increase revenue, discarding the very safety of the crew, and contributing to the increase of work accidents. In an industry where aircraft have more and more autonomy, EurECCA cannot accept that working conditions, such as resting or meal areas for the crew, are put in second place.</p> <p>The successive attempts to pressure for changes in the various international regulations demonstrate clearly that the Companies want to gain control over the working conditions and rest of the crew.</p> <p>Finally, our concern with the way in which Companies and Member States are managing the issue of vaccination was demonstrated, as we believe that it is important to regulate and supervise this issue in a uniform manner, without prejudice to any ideology or thought.</p> <p>From this meeting we can conclude that a greater supervision of the crew-company relationship is required, where the States and the European Union cannot interfere with their social and economic responsibilities. The time has come for States and Companies to repay the effort that the crew members have been making on behalf of the survival of an industry extremely affected by this pandemic.</p> <p> </p> <h5 class="text-align-center">EurECCA represents, protects and develops the rights and needs of cabin crew all over Europe</h5> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-11/EurECCA%20Position%20Paper%20Annual%20Conference%20November%202021.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=161749">EurECCA Position Paper Annual Conference November 2021.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Wed, 17 Nov 2021 13:14:33 +0000 EurECCA 215 at https://eurecca.eu Answer of EASA to EurECCA's letter regarding the UK Cabin Crew Attestation in accordance with the European regulatory requirements in force https://eurecca.eu/post/answer-easa-eureccas-letter-regarding-uk-cabin-crew-attestation-accordance-european-regulatory <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Answer of EASA to EurECCA&#039;s letter regarding the UK Cabin Crew Attestation in accordance with the European regulatory requirements in force</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-10/EASA_Logo.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-10/EASA_Logo.jpg?itok=_095PWbL" width="1110" height="600" alt="European Aviation Safety Agency" title="European Aviation Safety Agency" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Tue, 10/19/2021 - 09:41</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Dear Ms Groeneveld, dear Mr Gautier,</p> <p>Thank you for your letter regarding the status of UK issued cabin crew attestations.</p> <p>I would like to clarify that the departure of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union means that the UK no longer participates in the regulatory framework of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 and the regulations adopted on the basis thereof. As a consequence, as also indicated in our letter dated 10 June 2021, from 1 January 2021 certificates issued by the UK can no longer benefit from the mutual and reciprocal recognition between EU Member States and are to be deemed as certificates issued by a third country. Holders of such cabin crew attestations would now need to apply to an EU Member State authority for the (initial) issue of a European cabin crew attestation.</p> <p>Whilst this situation is unprecedented and not foreseen in the framework of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139, the European Commission and EASA have provided the Member State competent authorities with guidance on how to mitigate undesired consequences for UK-issued certificate holders under the current regulatory framework, where possible. In the particular context of cabin crew attestations, it was clarified that, similarly as for the pilots and aircraft mechanics, the initial training and examination completed under the oversight of the UK before 1 January 2021 in compliance with Annex V (Part-CC) to Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 may continue to be accepted by an EU Member State for the purpose of issuance of a Part-CC cabin crew attestation, provided that this initial training and examination is valid and have been verified by the EU Member State to whom the application is being made.</p> <p>Following the reissuance of the cabin crew attestation by an EU Member State based on the training and examinations completed by the cabin crew member before 1 January 2021 under the oversight of UK, the cabin crew member concerned still needs to undergo operator-specific training and checking in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 and demonstrate medical fitness before undertaking flight duties with an EU operator.</p> <p>The above approach does not require exemptions from the applicable requirements to be issued by EU Member States, however it is important to emphasise that the affected cabin crew employers (operators) contact their competent authority for further information and guidance to ensure operational disruptions are minimised and the affected cabin crew members remain in compliance with the EU aviation safety regulations.</p> <p>I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for bringing this issue to the attention of the Agency in the interest of your members and the wider aviation community.</p> <p>Yours sincerely,</p> <p>[signed electronically]<br /> Patrick KY</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-10/EurECCA%20Letter%20to%20Patrick%20Ky%20on%20European%20Cabin%20Crew%20Attestation.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=254773">EurECCA Letter to Patrick Ky on European Cabin Crew Attestation.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-10/Patrick%20Ky%20Reply%20to%20EurECCA%20letter.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=477334">Patrick Ky Reply to EurECCA letter.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Tue, 19 Oct 2021 07:41:35 +0000 EurECCA 213 at https://eurecca.eu EurECCA asks EASA to amend the new Safety Directive relating to the cleaning and disinfection of aircraft https://eurecca.eu/post/eurecca-asks-easa-amend-new-safety-directive-relating-cleaning-and-disinfection-aircraft <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">EurECCA asks EASA to amend the new Safety Directive relating to the cleaning and disinfection of aircraft</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-08/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-08/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0.jpg?itok=TsbygZ8K" width="1110" height="600" alt="EurECCA asks EASA to amend the new Safety Directive" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 08/02/2021 - 15:26</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-subheader field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>On 12th July 2021 the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) updated the Safety Directives relating to the cleaning and disinfection of aircrafts in which it recommends to clean and disinfect the aircraft "at least once in any 7 days interval instead of any 24 hours intervals.</p> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><a href="https://ad.easa.europa.eu/ad/SD-2021-05">https://ad.easa.europa.eu/ad/SD-2021-05</a></p> <p>According to the last IATA (International Air Transport Association) guide: «Aircraft cleaning and disinfection during and post pandemic Ed. 2 – 22 January 2021", the cleaning and disinfection procedures should be considered by all airlines and their relevant national authorities as part of the range of measures required in the aviation restart process, on the basis that "improved routine cleaning can reduce the risk of communicable diseases transmission in aviation processes”.</p> <p><a href="https://www.iata.org/contentassets/094560b4bd9844fda520e9058a0fbe2e/aircraft-cleaningguidance-covid.pdf">https://www.iata.org/contentassets/094560b4bd9844fda520e9058a0fbe2e/aircraft-cleaningguidance-covid.pdf</a></p> <p>During the pandemic, it has been recommended to all airlines to review their cleaning standards and to include specific disinfection programs, based on the companies’ risk assessments, to be kept updated in accordance with the international guidelines and industry standards and recommendations.</p> <p>At European level EASA Safety Directive 2020-03<br /><a href="https://ad.easa.europa.eu/ad/SD-2020-03#download">https://ad.easa.europa.eu/ad/SD-2020-03#download</a></p> <p>recommended to <strong>"clean and fully disinfect the aircraft" at least once in any 24 hours intervals</strong>, so many airlines have been able to maintain their pre-Covid cleaning procedures (one time per day regardless number of flights flown or number of passengers) just adding the disinfection process on top of their cleaning at the minimum intervals recommended in the Safety Directive: once every 24 hours.</p> <p>According to international guidelines during the pandemic, companies shall have instead reviewed and amended their previous cleaning standards programs, in line with the increased risk due to Covid -19 sanitary crisis and its variants and should have taken into account their specific type of operations according to the already existing international guidelines such as the World Health Organization’s “Guide to Hygiene and Sanitation in Aviation and industry standards and other specific recommendations”.</p> <p><a href="https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/hygiene/ships/guide_hygiene_sanitation_aviation_3_edition.pdf">https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/hygiene/ships/guide_hygiene_sanitation_aviation_3_edition.pdf</a></p> <p>On the 12th July the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) updated the Safety Directives relating to the cleaning and disinfection of aircraft.</p> <p>Contrary to what is stated on the previous one, EASA Safety Directive 2020-03 where operators needed to clean and disinfect the aircraft at least once in any 24 hours interval, the new EASA Safety Directive 2021-05, states that cleaning and disinfection has to be carried out "at least once in any 7 days interval, (...).</p> <p>First at all, EASA has to be clear by distinguishing cleaning and disinfecting.<br /> According to the Guide to Hygiene and Sanitation in Aviation:<br /><a href="https://www.who.int/ihr/ports_airports/guide_hygiene_sanitation_aviation_3_edition_wcov.pdf">https://www.who.int/ihr/ports_airports/guide_hygiene_sanitation_aviation_3_edition_wcov.pdf</a><br /> Cleaning means: Removal of visible dirt or particles through mechanical action undertaken on a routine and frequent basis.</p> <p>According to the International Heath Regulation,<br /><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_disinsection" title="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_disinsection">https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_disinsection - :~:text="Disinfection"</a> means the procedure whereby health measures are,by direct exposure to chemical or physical agents.</p> <p>Disinfection means: the procedure whereby measures are taken to control or kill infectious agents on a human or animal body, on a surface or in or on baggage, cargo, containers, conveyances and goods by direct exposure to chemical or physical agents.</p> <p>With the new EASA Safety Directive, it can be reduced to once in 7 days with no scientific base.</p> <p>Flying on an airplane which hasn't been cleaned for 7 days includes:<br /> - dirt and debris accumulating on the seats, under the seats, in between the seats, on the tray tables, in the overhead locked, in the air filters;<br /> - toilets with biological hazards accumulated for 7 days, etc.</p> <p>EASA objective <a href="https://www.easa.europa.eu/light/easa">https://www.easa.europa.eu/light/easa</a> "to promote and achieve the highest common standards of safety and environmental protection in civil aviation to ensure you have the safest possible flight." is not met.</p> <p>In addition, workplace health promotion for aircrew has to be a primary task for all Authorities' recommendations and directives and company risk assessments must be overseen by independent third-party Authorities.</p> <p>SANITATION processes have to follow specific guidelines that take into account areas of operation which might be assessed as "high risk (red), very high risk (dark red), or unknown risk (grey), or in an area with high circulation of variants of concern.", but at the same time cleaning measures have to be maintained and possibly enhanced, especially if the sanitation ones are reduced.</p> <p>EurECCA calls EASA to amend the last Safety Directive 2021-05 issued on 12th July 2021 and calls OSHA to contact all EU National health Authorities to oversee airlines risk assessments with the aim to quickly review their internal procedures which might be insufficient to protect crew and passengers flying in Europe."</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/health-safety" hreflang="en">Health &amp; Safety</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-08/2021_08_EurECCA_Position_paper_relating_to_the_cleaning_and_disinfection_of_aircraft.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=402993">2021_08_EurECCA_Position_paper_relating_to_the_cleaning_and_disinfection_of_aircraft.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Mon, 02 Aug 2021 13:26:51 +0000 EurECCA 211 at https://eurecca.eu EurECCA welcomes the proposed new regulation to address distortions caused by foreign subsidies https://eurecca.eu/post/eurecca-welcomes-proposed-new-regulation-address-distortions-caused-foreign-subsidies <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">EurECCA welcomes the proposed new regulation to address distortions caused by foreign subsidies</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-07/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-07/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_1_0.jpg?itok=Ce8JJ_HB" width="1110" height="600" alt="EurECCA welcomes the proposed new regulation to address distortions caused by foreign subsidies" title="EurECCA welcomes the proposed new regulation to address distortions caused by foreign subsidies" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 07/21/2021 - 11:56</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-subheader field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>While European airlines and their employees are already suffering from unfair competition from non-EU airlines, this situation of unfair competition is becoming more and more untenable since the Covid-19 health crisis</p> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">Currently, only Regulation (EC) 1008/2008 protects the independence of European aviation by prohibiting majority shareholdings. As regards the ownership of an EU carrier, Article 4(f) of Regulation (EC) 1008/2008 provides that an undertaking shall be granted an operating license by the competent licensing authority provided that "Member States and/or nationals of Member States own more than 50% of and effectively control the undertaking". </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:56px; text-indent:0.6479949951171875pt; margin-top:19px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">In parallel, Regulation (EU) 2019/712 addresses the problem of distortions of competition caused by subsidies to third country airlines, which give rise to unfair practices as capacity, price dumping. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:5px; text-indent:0.552001953125pt; margin-top:19px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">However, there is no European legislation dealing with subsidies granted by third countries to European airlines. While ownership and control rules are respected, there is no mechanism in European legislation to deal with such practices through sanctions or prohibition. Furthermore, even below this 50% majority ownership threshold, the contributions and financial contributions of these third countries can have a clear distorting effect on the European aviation market.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:8px; text-indent:0.73199462890625pt"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">EurECCA considers that the current proposal does not sufficiently clarify whether the new regulation will apply in parallel to Regulations (EC) 1008/2008 and (EU) 2019/712. It is therefore essential that this new regulation being complementary to the existing regulations with the scope to address third country direct and indirect subsidies to European airlines using a subsidy mechanism allowed by the lack of effective control by the European Union. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:8px; text-indent:0.05999755859375pt; margin-top:1px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">The facts show that it is very often a national airline or/and one already subsidized by a third country state that subsidizes and an European airline, without infringing Regulation (EC)1008/2008. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:60px; text-indent:0.563995361328125pt; margin-top:1px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">In this case, it is indeed a mechanism of disguised subsidies made possible by a "domino effect". </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-right:10px; text-indent:0.9119949340820312pt; margin-top:19px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">European airlines already have to comply with numerous obligations in terms of respect for the environment, consumer protection and the social protection of their employees, whereas certain third country airlines do not have such costs constraints and at the same time also benefit from subsidies. This further distorts the competitiveness of EU airlines, which are subject to scrutiny and often face appeals when they receive state aid. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:75px; text-indent:0.15599822998046875pt; margin-top:19px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">EurECCA would particularly welcome clarification from the Commission on the interpretation of Chapter 6, Art. 40, paragraph 6: </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; text-indent:0.7440032958984375pt; text-align:justify; margin-top:19px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:italic"><span style="text-decoration:none">“This Regulation is without prejudice to the application of Regulation (EU) 2019/712 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Notifiable concentrations, as defined in Article 18 of this Regulation, involving air carriers shall be subject to the provisions of Chapter 3. Public procurement procedures, as defined in Article 27 of this Regulation, involving air carriers shall be subject to the provisions of Chapter 4</span></span></span></span></span></span><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">.” </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:10px; text-indent:0.899993896484375pt; text-align:justify; margin-top:37px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">In addition, the new proposed regulation covers three “components”: a) concentrations, b) procurement and c) all other market situations. The paragraph above covers the first two and clarifies that they are subject to certain chapters of the new regulation. There is </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="line-height:1.2; margin-left:1px; margin-right:46px; text-indent:0.39599609375pt; margin-top:1px"><span style="font-size:12pt; font-variant:normal; white-space:pre-wrap"><span style="font-family:Arial"><span style="color:#444444"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="text-decoration:none">however no mention of component c), which is the one that applies to examples of ownership and control cases in EU airlines. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-07/2021_07%20EurECCA%20Position%20paper%20on%20new%20regulation%20to%20address%20distortions%20caused%20by%20foreign%20subsidies.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=382800">2021_07 EurECCA Position paper on new regulation to address distortions caused by foreign subsidies.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Wed, 21 Jul 2021 09:56:56 +0000 EurECCA 209 at https://eurecca.eu EurECCA emphasizes the importance to solve the definition of operational base https://eurecca.eu/post/eurecca-emphasizes-importance-solve-definition-operational-base <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">EurECCA emphasizes the importance to solve the definition of operational base</span> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="images-container clearfix"> <div class="image-preview clearfix"> <div class="image-wrapper clearfix"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="overlay-container"> <span class="overlay overlay--colored"> <a class="overlay-target-link image-popup" href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-07/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_0.jpg"></a> </span> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2021-07/Eurecca-cabin-crew_2_0_0_0_0.jpg?itok=pNPSo3hy" width="1110" height="600" alt="EurECCa definition of operational base" title="EurECCa definition of operational base" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large" /> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/536" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">EurECCA</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 07/19/2021 - 11:49</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-subheader field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The transposition of the French concept and definition of the "operational base" into EU law appears to be the appropriate solution.</p> </div> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-mt-pst-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><strong>Due to next revision of Regulation (EC) 1008/2008 EurECCA emphasizes the importance to solve the definition of operational base.</strong></p> <p>The COVID crisis has exacerbated the negative impacts on working and employment<br /> conditions, flight safety and fair competition in the single aviation market.</p> <p>The European and national legal framework is no longer adapted to these changes. Moreover, several studies by the European Commission, national experts on social issues related to aircrews, resolutions by the European Parliament and some Member States have called for a clarification and strengthening of the legal framework to address the impacts of the liberalisation of air transport services. In particular, it is essential to clarify the labour law applicable to aircrew.</p> <p>A clear definition must be given at European level.</p> <p>Some airlines with lower social costs have increased the number of "operational bases" outside the Member State of their main establishment in order to employ their aircrews, while applying the labour law of the "home base" chosen by the company instead of applying the law of the country of the "operational base".</p> <p>The "home base" is defined at the European level, the "operational base" is not. Only France has a legal definition of the "operation base", which has proved its effectiveness.</p> <p>The "home base" is defined in part ORO from Regulation 83/2014:</p> <p>"Home base" means the location, assigned by the operator to the crew member, from<br /> where the crew member normally starts and ends a duty period or a series of duty<br /> periods and where, under normal circumstances, the operator is not responsible for the accommodation of the crew member concerned;</p> <p>As the home base is chosen by the company, it can quickly become a "fictious" base.<br /> This can be corrected by the definition of "operational base", as it is attached and linked to the flight crew (pilot) or cabin crew itself.</p> <p>The definition of the French operational base is:<br /> Article R.330-2-1 of the Civil Aviation Code:<br /> "Article L. 342-4 of the Labour Code is applicable to air transport companies in respect of their operational bases located in French territory.”<br /> “An operational base is a set of premises or infrastructures from which a company carries out a stable, usual and continuous air transport activity with employees who have the effective centre of their professional activity there. For the purposes of the above provisions, the centre of an employee's professional activity is the place where he/she usually works or where he/she starts its duty and returns after completing his/her assignment.”</p> <p>In order to clarify the law applicable to the employment contract for aircrew, the transposition of the French concept and definition of the "operational base" into EU law appears to be the appropriate solution.</p> <p>It is more than ever necessary to amend EU legislation to address these concerns, in particular to clarify the obligations of air carriers in each "operational base", and to allow the competent authorities of each "operational base" to ensure the effective application of EU and national law.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-mt-pst-category field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-taxonomy-term clearfix field__item"><a href="/post-categories/social-issues-working-condition" hreflang="en">Social issues &amp; Working condition</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--entity-reference-target-type-media clearfix field__items"> <div class="field__item"><article class="media media--type-file media--view-mode-default"> <div class="field field--name-field-media-file field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://eurecca.eu/sites/default/files/2021-07/2021_07%20EurECCA%20Position%20Paper%20on%20Home%20Base%20-%20Operational%20Base.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=368482">2021_07 EurECCA Position Paper on Home Base - Operational Base.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </article> </div> </div> Mon, 19 Jul 2021 09:49:37 +0000 EurECCA 207 at https://eurecca.eu